April 4, 2019
Written by Douglas Shaw
Yes/No questions, are questions whose answer is either yes or no:
The (verb – subject- object) formula is used to form yes/no questions.
|They are American||Are they American?|
|The food is good||Is the food good?|
1: If the main verb is “to be”, swap the subject and the verb “to be”.
- They are American – Are they American?
2: If the sentence has a main verb and another or auxiliary verb, swap the subject and the first auxiliary verb.
- They are visiting Jakarta. – Are they visiting Jakarta?
3: If the sentence has a verb which is not the verb “to be” and doesn’t include an auxiliary verb, the forming is more complex.
a: If the verb is present tense, add either “do or does” and put the main verb in its main form.
- do: If the subject is the first, second person (singular) and first, second, third person (plural – I, you, we, they) .
e.g. I like chocolate. – Do you like chocolate?
- does: If the subject is the third person (singular – he, she, it).
e.g. She hates football. – Does she hate football?
b: If the verb is past tense, add “did” and put the main verb in its main form.
- They did their homework. – Did they do their homework?