Questions of Quantity
April 4, 2019
Written by Douglas Shaw
Much or Many; Countable or Uncountable:
We use much or many in positive and negative sentences. Both show an amount of something.
If a noun is in singular form, we use much.
- much money
If a noun is in plural form, we use many.
Use of much / many
In everyday (informal) English, we normally use much/many only in in questions and negative sentences.
- How much money do you have?
- Not many of the students signed up for the festival.
In positive sentences with so, as or too, we also use much/ many.
- Sarah has so many friends.
- She has as many friends as Sue.
- Kevin has too much time.
In other positive sentences, we prefer expressions like a lot of / lots of.
- Carla has a lot of / lots of friends.
- Kevin has a lot of / lots of money.
Countable / Uncountable nouns.
Much /many, people often speak of countable and uncountable nouns.
Countable nouns have a singular and a plural form. In plural form, these nouns can be used with a number. Countable nouns use many.
- 100 friends – many friends.
Uncountable nouns can only be used in singular form. These nouns cannot be used with a number. Uncountable nouns use much.
100 money– much money.
When you count money – you would say the currency and say that you have 100 dollars, not, 100 money.