April 4, 2019
Written by Douglas Shaw
Possessive Adjectives Are Technically Possessive Pronouns.:
Possession means that something belongs to someone. Possessive forms show ownership in the English language.
In many other languages, possession is shown by using the word “of.”
We use a singular noun with ‘s to show possession:
- Dhea drove her sister’s car.
- We are having a party at John’s house.
We use s’ with a plural noun ending in -s:
- This is my parents’ house.
- Those are ladies’ shoes.
Use a possessive adjective to show ownership. It comes before a noun in the sentence and lets us know to whom the noun belongs.
- I am looking after her children (her: possessive adjective – children: – noun).
While many cases of ownership are shown with possessive nouns (Karen’s, children’s), these possessive adjectives are not nouns and are not formed by adding an apostrophe + s.
(Subject: I, Object: me, possessive adjective: my).
To show something belongs to somebody:
- That’s our house.
- My computer is very old.
For relations and friends:
- My mother is a doctor.
- How old is your sister?
For parts of the body:
- He’s broken his arm.
- She’s washing her hair.
- I need to clean my teeth.
Possessive Adjectives Are Technically Possessive Pronouns
Possessive pronouns are used to replace the noun. Possessive adjectives are used to describe the noun.
- This is Irina’s phone.
- This is her phone.
In this example, the possessive adjective “her” replaces Irina. It can be classified as a pronoun as well as an adjective.
|Subject pronoun||Possessive adjective||e.g.|
|I||my||I like my new Kindle Fire.|
|you||your||You can leave your shoes on.|
|he||his||He cuts his own hair.|
|she||her||She dances to the best of her ability.|
|it||its||It will show its claws.|
|we||our||We make our own decisions.|
|they||their||They washed their hands.|
|who||whose||Whose book is this?|
Possessive adjectives vs. Possessive pronouns
|Personal pronoun||Possessive adjective||Possessive pronoun|
|it||its||* Not used*|
- My book is on the table.
- I think you forgot your charger.
- The dog buried its toy.
- The phone that is ringing is yours. – (Yours is ringing.)
- The tablet with the purple case is mine. – (Mine is the tablet with the purple case.)
Possessive pronouns are not followed immediately by a noun; they can stand alone.
(Subject: I, Object: me, Possessive adjective: my, Possessive pronoun: mine).
|Subject||Object||Possessive adjectives||Possessive pronouns|
We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a noun phrase:
- Is that Sarah’s car? No it’s mine.
- Her phone is blue, mine is silver.
We can use possessive pronouns after of.
- Nandi is one of my friends.
- I am one of Sarah’s friends.
We use “whose” to ask questions.There are two types.
- Whose phone is this?
- Whose book is that?
- Whose bags are those?
- Whose is this phone?
- Whose is this book?
- Whose are those bags?