April 4, 2019
Written by Douglas Shaw
Is there a condition to the result; Zero, First, Second, or Third?
|Zero||General truths||Simple present||Simple present|
|First||A possible condition and its probable result||Simple present||Simple future|
|Second||A hypothetical condition and its probable result||Simple past||Present conditional or Present continuous conditional|
|Third||An unreal past condition and its probable result in the past||Past perfect||Perfect conditional|
We use the Zero conditional to say that something is always true or is a fact.
- If people eat too much, they get fat.
We use the first conditional to express a possible condition and it’s result in the future.
- If you walk slowly, you won’t catch the bus.
- If you study hard, you will pass your exam.
We use the second conditional to express an unreal or improbable condition and its result in the present or future.
- If I won the lottery, I would buy a new house.
We use the third conditional to express a theoretical past situation its theoretical result in the past.
- If I hadn’t come to Indonesia, I wouldn’t have met you.